How Many AMPs Does a Washing Machine Use

When it comes to household appliances, understanding their electrical requirements is essential to prevent overloading circuits and ensure safe operation. Washing machines are a common appliance in most households, and knowing how many amps they use is crucial for electrical planning and safety. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the typical amperage of a washing machine and delve deeper into factors that can influence it.

Typical Amperage of a Washing Machine

The amperage of a washing machine can vary depending on several factors, including its size, type, and specific features. However, a standard residential washing machine typically consumes around 15 to 20 amps.

  1. Front-Loading vs. Top-Loading: Front-loading washing machines often use slightly fewer amps compared to top-loading machines. This is because front-loaders are designed to be more energy-efficient and use less water, which can translate to lower power consumption. Front-loading machines typically fall in the 15-amp range, while top-loading machines may be closer to 20 amps.
  2. Size and Capacity: Larger washing machines with higher load capacities may require more amps to operate. A compact washing machine designed for apartments or small spaces will generally use fewer amps than a large, high-capacity model. A small compact washer might only require 12 to 15 amps, while a large, high-capacity washer could reach or slightly exceed 20 amps.
  3. Energy Efficiency: Modern washing machines are designed to meet energy efficiency standards. Machines with higher energy efficiency ratings may use fewer amps while providing the same level of performance. Look for ENERGY STAR-rated machines if you want to minimize energy consumption.
  4. Heat Source: Some washing machines have built-in water heaters for hot water cycles. These machines may consume more amps during the heating process. The additional power required for heating water can vary, but it can be substantial in certain models, potentially adding 5 to 10 amps during the heating phase.

Voltage and Amperage Relationship

Understanding the relationship between voltage and amperage is crucial when considering the electrical requirements of appliances like washing machines.

  • Voltage: In most residential settings in the United States, the standard voltage is 120 volts for general-use outlets and 240 volts for specialized outlets. Washing machines may require 240 volts, especially if they have powerful motors or heating elements.
  • Amperage: Amperage (or amps) is a measure of the current flowing through a circuit. To determine the amperage of an appliance, you can use the formula: Amperage = Power (in watts) / Voltage (in volts).

    For example, if you have a washing machine that consumes 2,400 watts and operates on 240 volts, the amperage can be calculated as follows: Amperage = 2400 watts / 240 volts = 10 amps. However, for appliances operating on standard 120-volt circuits, this calculation may result in higher amperage, such as 20 amps.

Electrical Circuit Considerations

To ensure the safe and efficient operation of your washing machine, it’s essential to have the right electrical circuit in place.

  1. Dedicated Circuit: Washing machines should be connected to a dedicated electrical circuit. This means that no other major appliances or outlets should share the same circuit to prevent overloads and circuit breaker trips. This dedicated circuit should match the voltage and amperage requirements of your washing machine.
  2. Circuit Breaker Size: The circuit breaker protecting the washing machine’s circuit should be appropriately sized to handle the amperage requirements. If the washing machine requires 15 amps, a 15-amp circuit breaker should be used. Make sure it’s a GFCI (Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter) or AFCI (Arc Fault Circuit Interrupter) breaker for added safety.
  3. Outlet Type: Make sure the outlet used for the washing machine matches the plug type of the appliance. If the washing machine requires a 240-volt outlet, ensure that the outlet is designed for this voltage. Using the correct outlet type and voltage is crucial for safety.
  4. Extension Cords: It’s generally not recommended to use extension cords with washing machines. They can cause voltage drops, which may lead to inefficient operation or even damage to the appliance. Always plug the washing machine directly into a properly installed outlet.

AMPs for Top-Load Washing Machines

BrandModelCapacity (lbs)AMPs (A)Energy Efficiency
SamsungWA50R5400AW5.010.5Energy Star
LGWT7100CW4.59.8Not Energy Star
WhirlpoolWTW5000DW4.39.0Energy Star
MaytagMVWB765FW4.710.2Energy Star
GEGTW720BSNWS4.810.0Energy Star
Kenmore251324.39.2Not Energy Star
AmanaNTW4516FW3.58.4Not Energy Star
BoschWAT28400UC2.27.5Energy Star
HaierHLP21N1.06.0Not Energy Star
ElectroluxEFLW317TIW4.39.5Energy Star

AMPs for Front-Load Washing Machines

BrandModelCapacity (lbs)AMPs (A)Energy Efficiency
SamsungWF45T6000AW4.59.8Energy Star
LGWM3900HBA4.59.6Energy Star
WhirlpoolWFW5620HW4.59.7Energy Star
MaytagMHW6630HW4.810.3Energy Star
GEGFW450SPMDG4.59.9Energy Star
Kenmore417824.39.3Energy Star
BoschWAW285H2UC4.09.0Energy Star
ElectroluxEFLS627UIW4.49.7Energy Star
AEGL8FEC966CA4.610.0Energy Star
Fisher & PaykelWH8560P24.09.1Energy Star

AMPs for Compact Washing Machines

BrandModelCapacity (lbs)AMPs (A)Energy Efficiency
PandaPAN6360W1.546.5Not Energy Star
HaierHLP24E2.77.2Not Energy Star
Magic ChefMCSTCW09W10.95.5Not Energy Star
COSTWAY23104-CYWH1.66.0Not Energy Star
BLACK+DECKERBPWM09W0.95.5Not Energy Star
MideaMAE50-1102PS1.66.2Not Energy Star
DanbyDWM030WDB0.95.4Not Energy Star
BoschWAT28400UC2.27.5Energy Star
LGWM1388HW2.37.6Energy Star
GE AppliancesGFW148SSMWW2.47.8Energy Star

AMPs for High-Capacity Washing Machines

BrandModelCapacity (lbs)AMPs (A)Energy Efficiency
MaytagMVW8230HC5.811.6Energy Star
LGWM8100HVA5.210.8Energy Star
SamsungWA54R7200AW5.411.2Energy Star
WhirlpoolWTW7120HW5.311.0Energy Star
GEGTW840CPNDG5.010.6Energy Star
ElectroluxEFLS827UIW5.210.9Energy Star
Kenmore291335.411.3Energy Star
AmanaNTW5800HW5.511.5Energy Star
Fisher & PaykelWA8560P15.010.7Energy Star
Speed QueenTR7000WN3.28.5Not Energy Star

AMPs for Smart Washing Machines

BrandModelCapacity (lbs)AMPs (A)Energy Efficiency
LGWM9000HVA5.210.7Energy Star
SamsungWF45R6300AV4.59.9Energy Star
WhirlpoolWTW8500DC5.311.1Energy Star
GEGFW850SPNDG4.810.4Energy Star
BoschWAW285H2UC4.09.0Energy Star
Kenmore419824.610.2Energy Star
ElectroluxEFLS627UTT4.49.7Energy Star
AEGL8WEC166R4.610.0Energy Star
MaytagMHW8630HW4.810.5Energy Star
LGWT7300CV5.010.6Energy Star


Understanding the amperage requirements of your washing machine is essential for electrical safety and proper operation. While a standard residential washing machine typically uses around 15 to 20 amps, it’s crucial to check the manufacturer’s specifications for your specific model. Additionally, ensure that your electrical circuit is properly configured to handle the amperage demands of the appliance to prevent electrical issues and maintain safety in your home. By considering these factors and following electrical guidelines, you can ensure that your washing machine operates efficiently and safely for years to come.


How Many AMPs Does a Washing Machine Use

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